Description of the area Țara Branului (Bran Country)

Tara Branului (Bran Country) is an old gateway between Transylvania and Wallachia, a strategic point and former trade centre, and reveals
something new to the traveller with every visit.
Fertile fields and rolling hills are guarded by a natural fortress of mountains: on the one side, Piatra
Craiului, with its sharp ridge that seems to have
been hacked out by chainsaw, and on the other
side Bucegi, rising with its abrupt rock-face… You
will be surprised by a rainbow of meadow flowers, many of them rare species, some endemic to
this part of the world, like the Piatra Craiului pink
(Dianthus callizonus) and, if you know how to
recognize them, several dozen species of orchids
will delight you. Up in the alpine meadows, scattered among the grassland and haystacks, you
will come across flocks of sheep and thoughtful shepherds. Higher still, in the mountains, you

can explore shady forests and places rarely trod
by human feet, and on tops of the crags, stands
of mountain pine may hide a herd of chamois. If
you want to meet the people who live here, take
a walk through the villages scattered along the

hills. They will offer you best of what they have,
telling old legends passed down from father to
son, about fights with wolves and bears. Leaving
the grip of the mountain, you will find villages
and fortified churches with a fascinating history
and stunning views. Don’t leave without trying
“bulz” – a rich mix of maize polenta and sheep’s
milk cheese matured in pine bark; or “cascaval
pané” – smoked cheese fried in a breadcrumb
batter. Source:

Piatra Craiului National Park aims to protect
and preserve some types of ecosystems that are
representative for the national biogeographic
space. These ecosystems contain natural elements of outstanding value from the point of
view of the physical geography, flora and fauna,
hydrology, geology or palaeontology, offering the
possibility of organising trips for research, education, recreation and tourism purposes.

Piatra Craiului National Park includes Piatra Craiului Ridge and stretches from Brasov to Arges counties, covering areas in the following places:
Zărnești, Moieciu, Bran, Rucăr and Dâmbovicioara. The total surface of the park is 14.773

Bucegi Natural Park seeks to maintain the
harmonious interaction of man with nature by
protecting the settlements and the landscape,
and aims to promote traditions and activities in
order to preserve the local culture. This protected area includes a part of Bucegi Massif, covering
areas in the counties of Dâmbovița, Prahova and
Brasov. The total surface of the park is 32.497 hectares.

Piatra Craiului Ridge:o with a length of about
22 km (the longest limestone ridge in Romania)
and heights of over 2000 m (maximum altitude
2238 m) is most spectacular, especially on the
western side where steep slopes and sparse veg-
etation emphasize both the wilderness and the
beauty of this area.

zarnesti Gorge:9 located on the NE side of
the massif, accessible from Zérnesti town on a
forest road past the “Gura Raului” chalet. The
gorge has a length of approximately 3.5 km and
its steep cliffs that guard over the valley have
heights of between 100 and 200 m, and thus are
very attractive for climbing and for the observa-
tion of some rare bird species like the wallcreeper
(Tichodroma muraria).

Dambovicioara Cave: 9 consists of a single
gallery with a total length of 555 m. Although this
is shorter than other caves in Romania, Dambo-
vicioara Cave is the longest in the area, the re-
lief and nature of rock being unsuitable for large
galleries. The gallery has widths ranging from
3-4 m and heights of 4-5 m, with a few small
branches. The gallery narrows considerably just
150 m from the enhance. Access is from Démbo-
vicioara Village.

while the Brusturet Gorges are between Dambo-
vicioara and Brusturet Chalet. They are acces-
sible from Podul Démbovitei.

Crapaturii Arch:9 a geomorphological and
geological monument located in the Crapatura
Valley, is distinguished by its completely unique
appearance (spearhead shape) and it is a peri-
glacial landform. It is accessible from Zémesti
and Curmatura Chalet.

La Chisatoare 9

The waterfall “La Chisatoare” is actually a small
watercourse that runs in tiny flows. The small
watercourses wind and sweep through dense
moss vegetation. When the vegetation ends sud-
denly, it is replaced by a rocky wall. The water,
running in thin streams, sweeps on the wall and
in some places falls down with the power of an


This surface karst phenomenon, unique in this
area, was created by the deposition of calcium
carbonate under the form of travertine. During
winter, the waterfall freezes in some places and

forms spectacular ice columns.

The western slope of the Bucegi Mountains 0

is characterized by steep rocky slopes, with a
level difference of 500 – 1200 metres. High walls
are cut across by deep valleys and chimneys,
and crossed by several exposed bedrocks (suc-
cessive thresholds at different altitudes) and the
peaks display impressive cliffs and slender ridg-
es. The western slope of the Bucegi Mountains
starts from Strungile Mari (2089 m), continues to
Grohotisu Mountain (2288 m altitude in the Coltii
Iapului Peak) and Gutanu (2181 m altitude in the
Banana Paak) ant it ends in Gaura Valley, which
isborderedbytinlastWoftheslope, Lan-
da Peak (2288 m). The lower part of the slope is
covered with pine, beech and yew, and the alpine
area with juniper and stone pine (Pinus cembra
natural monument). In this protected area there
are different plant species (edelweiss, yellow
studded, sweet pea, pinus cembra) and animal
species (Chamois, brown bear, lynx, bald eagle,
capercaillie). In the north western part of the
Western slope of Bucegi is situated the complex
reserve Valea Gaura (63 ha), established in 1962,
which protects an impressive glacial cirque.

Saua StrungaG is situated at an altitude of
1909 m and offers a panoramic view across Bran,
with the stone ridge line of Piatra Craiului on the
Western horizon.

From Șaua Strunga starts the downhill to
Ialomita Valley, leaving to the right the old border
road which crosses the low ridge of Pietrelor Albe
and Dudelor to Leaota, and to the left the border
path that goes up to Omu Peak.